Key Stage 2
English National Curriculum Subjects
Key Stage 2 (Years 3 to 6)
All children automatically transfer from Key Stage 1 to Key Stage 2. The Key Stage 2 curriculum is designed to ensure students gain learning experiences that develop their linguistic, mathematical, scientific, technological, human and social, physical, spiritual, Christian, aesthetic and creative education. These are taught through the core subjects of English and mathematics, and the foundation subjects of science, computing, RE, history, geography, art and design, design and technology, music, Spanish, PSHCE, physical education and daily Mandarin Chinese. In Years 3 to 6, the class teachers are responsible for the delivery of the National Curriculum subjects and the pastoral care of our students. There is also increasing curriculum specialism with Mandarin Chinese, music, physical education and Spanish being taught by specialist teachers.
During Key Stage 2, students learn to change the way they speak and write to suit different situations, purposes and audiences. They read a range of texts and respond to different layers of meaning in them. They explore the use of language in literary and non-literary texts and learn how language works.
Reading: during Key Stage 2, students read enthusiastically a range of materials and use their knowledge of words, sentences and texts to understand and respond to the meaning. They increase their ability to read challenging and lengthy texts independently. They reflect on the meaning of texts, analysing and discussing them with others.
Writing: during Key Stage 2, students develop understanding that writing is both essential to thinking and learning, and enjoyable in its own right. They learn the main rules and conventions of written English and start to explore how the English language can be used to express meaning in different ways. They use the planning, drafting and editing process to improve their work and to sustain their fiction and non-fiction writing.
During Key Stage 2, students use the number system more confidently. They move from counting reliably to calculating fluently with all four number operations. They always try to tackle a problem with mental methods before using any other approach. Students explore features of shape and space and develop their measuring skills in a range of contexts. They discuss and present their methods and reasoning using a wider range of mathematical language, diagrams and charts.
During Key Stage 2, students learn about a wider range of living things, materials and phenomena. They begin to make links between ideas and to explain things using simple models and theories. They apply their knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas to familiar phenomena, everyday things and their personal health. They begin to think about the positive and negative effects of scientific and technological developments on the environment and in other contexts. They carry out more systematic investigations, working on their own and with others. They use a range of reference sources in their work. They talk about their work and its significance, and communicate ideas using a wide range of scientific language, conventional diagrams, charts and graphs.
Design & Technology
During Key Stage 2, students work on their own and as part of a team on a range of designing and making activities. They think about what products are used for and the needs of the people who use them. They plan what has to be done and identify what works well and what could be improved in their own and other people’s designs. They draw on knowledge and understanding from other areas of the curriculum and use computers in a range of ways.
During Key Stage 2, students use a wider range of computing tools and information sources to support their work in other subjects. They develop their research skills and decide what information is appropriate for their work. They begin to question the plausibility and quality of information. They learn how to amend their work and present it in a way that suits its audience.
During Key Stage 2, students learn about significant people, events and places from both the recent and more distant past. They learn about change and continuity in their own area, in Britain and in other parts of the world. They look at history in a variety of ways, for example from political, economic, technological and scientific, social, religious, cultural or aesthetic perspectives. They use different sources of information to help them investigate the past both in depth and in overview, using dates and historical vocabulary to describe events, people and developments. They also learn that the past can be represented and interpreted in different ways.
During Key Stage 2, students investigate a variety of people, places and environments at different scales in the United Kingdom and abroad, and start to make links between different places in the world. They find out how people affect the environment and how they are affected by it. They carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom. In doing this they ask geographical questions, and use geographical skills and resources such as maps, atlases, aerial photographs and computing.
Art and Design
During Key Stage 2, students develop their creativity and imagination through more complex activities. These help to build on their skills and improve their control of materials, tools and techniques. They increase their critical awareness of the roles and purposes of art, craft and design in different times and cultures. They become more confident in using visual and tactile elements and materials and processes to communicate what they see, feel and think.
During Key Stage 2, students sing songs and play instruments with increasing confidence, skill, expression and awareness of their own contribution to a group or class performance. They improvise, and develop their own musical compositions, in response to a variety of different stimuli with increasing personal involvement, independence and creativity. They explore their thoughts and feelings through responding physically, intellectually and emotionally to a variety of music from different times and cultures.
During Key Stage 2, students enjoy being active and using their creativity and imagination in physical activity. They learn new skills, find out how to use them in different ways, and link them to make actions, phrases and sequences of movement. They enjoy communicating, collaborating and competing with each other. They develop an understanding of how to succeed in different activities and learn how to evaluate and recognise their own success.
- provokes challenging questions about the meaning and purpose of life, beliefs, the self, issues of right and wrong, and what it means to be human. It develops students’ knowledge and understanding of Christianity, other principal religions, and religious traditions that examine these questions, fostering personal reflection and spiritual development
- encourages students to explore their own beliefs (whether they are religious or non-religious), in the light of what they learn, as they examine issues of religious belief and faith and how these impact on personal, institutional and social ethics and to express their responses. This also builds resilience to anti-democratic or extremist narratives
- enables students to build their sense of identity and belonging, which helps them flourish within their communities and as citizens in a diverse society
- teaches students to develop respect for others, including people with different faiths and beliefs, and helps to challenge prejudice
- prompts students to consider their responsibilities to themselves and to others, and to explore how they might contribute to their communities and to wider society. It encourages empathy, generosity and compassion.
Personal, Social, Health, Citizenship and Economic Education (PSHCE)
PSHCE is an important and necessary part of all students’ education. We use the PSHCE education programme to equip students with a sound understanding of risk and with the knowledge and skills necessary to make safe and informed decisions. PSHCE education builds, where appropriate, on the statutory content in the English National Curriculum and statutory guidance on: drug education, financial education, sex and relationships education (SRE) and the importance of physical activity and diet for a healthy lifestyle.
Teaching enables students to make substantial progress in Mandarin and Spanish. We provide an appropriate balance of spoken and written language which lays the foundations for further foreign language teaching at Key Stage 3. It enables students to understand and communicate ideas, facts and feelings in speech and writing, focused on familiar and routine matters. The focus of study is on practical communication.